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 Magadha empires, most notably the Maurya and Gupta empires, unified large parts of the Indian subcontinent under their rule. Muhammad of Ghor attacked this region of the Indian subcontinent many times. This party held the Yadav/Muslim votebank, a combination also held by the Samajwadi party, its UP counterpart.  The rock paintings in Bihar are not only identical to those in central and southern India but are also akin to those in Europe and Africa. Chandragupta Maurya's embrace of Jainism increased social and religious renewal and reform across his society, while Ashoka embraced Buddhism. A minority provisional government was formed under Muhammad Yunus.. 1957-62:Second five-year plan period, Bihar government brought several heavy industries like Barauni Oil Refinery, HEC plant at Hatia, Bokaro Steel Plant. The most numerous and powerful backward community were the Yadavs, and the 1990s saw the rise of the Rashtriya Janata Dal (RJD) led by Lalu Prasad Yadav. Bihari migrant workers have faced violence and prejudice in many parts of India, like Maharashtra, Punjab and Assam.. In 1935, certain portions of Bihar were reorganised into the separate province of Orissa. The Buddhist dynasty lasted for four centuries (750-1120 CE). The Rulers of the Gupta Empire were strong supporters of developments in the arts, architecture, science, and literature. He carried out the killing successfully on 9 November 1932. One of India's greatest empires, the Maurya empire, as well as two major pacifist religions, Buddhism and Jainism, arose from the region that is now Bihar. Bihar Province was a province of British India, created in 1936 by the partition of the Bihar and Orissa Province. Mithila is believed to be the centre of Indian power in the Later Vedic period (c. 1100-500 BCE). The kingdom covered Gujarat, North-East India, south-eastern Pakistan, Odisha, northern Madhya Pradesh and eastern India with capital at Pataliputra, modern Patna. In the later Vedic Age, a number of small kingdoms or city states, dominated Magadha.  Mahapadma Nanda of Nanda dynasty, has been described as the destroyer of all the Kshatriyas. Approximate extent of the Pala Empire in 800 CE. The leader of Kikatas has been called Pramaganda, a usurer. Note: Except for some states that were extinguished in the 19th century (Arkat, Assam, Awadh, Kodagu, Mahratta states, Pañjab, Utkala), this record contains those Indian ("princely") states that acceded to India with effective date on or after 15 Aug 1947. Anga, Vajji and Magadha on map of the Mahajanapadas. In 1576, after the Battle of Tukaroi, Mughal Emperor Akbar the Great conquered Bengal Sultanate and added it to his empire domain. The British East India Company was accorded the diwani rights, that is, the right to administer the collection and management of revenues of the province of Bengal, and parts of Oudh, currently comprising a large part of Uttar Pradesh. Both Nalanda University and Vikramshila University reached their peak under the Palas. The 10th Sikh Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna, Bihar.  The classical Gupta dynasty of Bihar presided over a period of cultural flourishing and learning, known today as the Golden Age of India. It was the first time that a Neolithic settlement was discovered in the thick of the alluvium, over the bank of the Ganges at Chirand. A daughter of one of the Janaks of Mithila, Sita, is mentioned as consort of Lord Rama in the Hindu epic Ramayana, written by Valmiki. 273 BCE: Ashok Maurya crowned new Emperor of Magadh, Buddhism is exported to Persian Empire, Greece, China and East Asia. 1540–1555: Shenshah SherShah Suri (from Sasaram, modern south Bihar) captures empire from Mughals (SherShah built the Grand Trunk Road, introduced the Rupee and Custom Duties).  However this faced resistance from the landholding upper castes: Rajputs, Brahmins and Bhumibars. 1883 - d. 1969) 5 Aug 1939 - 9 Jan 1943 Sir Thomas Alexander Stewart (b. Ajatashatru is thought to have ruled from 551 BCE to 519 BCE and moved the capital of the Magadha kingdom from Rajagriha to Pataliputra. This abolished the Zamindari system and gave the state more powers to redistribute land to the poor peasants. Many of the sixteen kingdoms had coalesced to four major ones by 500/400 BCE, that is by the time of Siddhartha Gautama. The time has come for you to fulfill your promise. Khudiram Bose, Upendra Narayan Jha "Azad" and Prafulla Chaki were also active in revolutionary movement in Bihar. Bihar was largely in ruins when visited by Xuanzang, the famous Buddhist monk from China, and suffered further damage at the hands of Muslim raiders in the 12th century. Prehistoric rock paintings have been discovered in the hills of Kaimur, Nawada and Jamui. During this time, it is reported that there was high crimes in Magadha. The Brahmi letters on the seal means: Kundpur was in Vaishali. Prince Azim-us-Shan, the grandson of Aurangzeb was appointed as the governor of Bihar in 1703.  Regions of Bihar—such as Magadha, Mithila and Anga—are mentioned in religious texts and epics of ancient India. 1992: Bihar escapes severe rioting after the destruction of Babri Masjid. Ghatotkacha (c. 280–319) CE, had a son named Chandra Gupta I (Not to be confused with Chandragupta Maurya (340–293 BC), founder of the Mauryan Empire). Towards the end of 1946, between 30 October and 7 November,a massacre of Muslims in Bihar made Partition more likely. The contribution of Raj Kumar Shukla is reflected in the writings of Dr. Rajendra Prasad, first President of India, Anugrah Narayan Sinha, Acharya Kriplani and Mahatma Gandhi. Ayurveda was the main medical system. The derivation of the name Bihar from the Sanskrit vihara (Buddhist monastery) reflects the prominence of such communities in the region in ancient times. Other historians, such as Etienne Lamotte and Romila Thapar, partially support this view. Jarasandha appears in the Mahabharatha as the "Magadhan Emperor who rules all India" and meets with an unceremonious ending. 1888 - d. 1964) (acting to Sep 1939), 9 Jan 1943 - 6 Sep 1943 Sir Thomas George Rutherford (b. The latter was one of the world's earliest known republics and had existed in the region since before the birth of Mahavira (c. 599 BCE). The time of the Gupta Empire was an "Indian Golden Age" in Indian science, technology, engineering, art, dialectic, literature, logic, mathematics, astronomy, religion and philosophy.. 11th century- around 1325: The Karnata dynasty rules Mithila region. The name Pala (Modern Bengali: পাল pal) means protector and was used as an ending to the names of all Pala monarchs. Gold Coin of Samudragupta, with Garuda pillar, British Museum. Villages were the smallest units. Bihar (1950): … 1884 - d. 1952) MIP, 31 Oct 1939 - 23 Mar 1946 Governor's Rule, This page was last edited on 20 July 2020, at 15:36. RAJPUT PRINCELY STATES & ZAMINDARI ESTATES IN BIHAR. In 1950, Dr. Rajendra Prasad from Bihar became the first President of India. Ajatashatru's stupa in Rajgir, where his ashes were interred.  Ranvir Sena militias in particular committed numerous caste atrocities against Dalits and other lower castes, like the Bathani Tola massacre and Laxmanpur Bathe massacre.
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