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what are the original 7 wonders of the world

It took about 22 years and 20,000 workers to construct the complex, which includes an immense garden with a reflecting pool. Chichén Itzá is a Mayan city on the Yucatán Peninsula in Mexico, which flourished in the 9th and 10th centuries CE. [17] The Great Pyramid of Giza, the only remaining of the Seven Ancient Wonders, was not one of the winners announced in 2007 but was added as an honorary candidate.[18][19]. It was destroyed in an earthquake in 226 B.C. 7) Panama Canal (Panama) Below are the seven wonders of the ancient world which shows the endless imagination and creativity of the CIVIL ENGINEERS. Historians can't pinpoint when the temple was first built on the site but they do know it was destroyed by flooding in the 7th century B.C. Amy Tikkanen is the general corrections manager, handling a wide range of topics that include Hollywood, politics, books, and anything related to the. It was built by Emperor Shah Jahān (reigned 1628–58) to honor his wife Mumtāz Maḥal (“Chosen One of the Palace”), who died in 1631 giving birth to their 14th child. A feat of engineering, the amphitheater measures 620 by 513 feet (189 by 156 meters) and features a complex system of vaults. These marvels of architecture, like Egypt's pyramids, were monuments of human achievement, built by Mediterranean and Middle Eastern empires of their day with little more than crude tools and manual labor. This Incan site near Cuzco, Peru, was “discovered” in 1911 by Hiram Bingham, who believed it was Vilcabamba, a secret Incan stronghold used during the 16th-century rebellion against Spanish rule. Under the Mayan tribe Itzá—who were strongly influenced by the Toltecs—a number of important monuments and temples were built. Standing beside the city's harbor, the statue was nearly 100 feet tall, about the same size as the Statue of Liberty. However, he was deposed by one of his sons before any work began. Although that claim was later disproved, the purpose of Machu Picchu has confounded scholars. The Temple of Artemis was located near present-day Selcuk in western Turkey in honor of the Greek goddess of hunting. Various lists of the Wonders of the World have been compiled from antiquity to the present day, to catalogue the world's most spectacular natural wonders and human-built structures. The resulting monument stands 98 feet (30 meters) tall—not including its base, which is about 26 feet (8 meters) high—and its outstretched arms span 92 feet (28 meters). According to some reports, Shah Jahān wished to have his own mausoleum made out of black marble. These marvels of architecture, like Egypt's pyramids, were monuments of human achievement, built by Mediterranean and Middle Eastern empires of their day with little more than crude tools and manual labor. In the 19th and early 20th centuries, some writers wrote their own lists with names such as Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Middle Ages, Seven Wonders of the Medieval Mind, and Architectural Wonders of the Middle Ages. Others think that it was likely a pilgrimage site, while some believe it was a royal retreat. However, archaeologists have found no substantial evidence to confirm the gardens ever existed. In addition, they constructed a water system that allowed for lush gardens and farming. According to some estimates, about 500,000 people died in the Colosseum. In 2000 a Swiss foundation launched a campaign to determine the New Seven Wonders of the World. The historian Herodotus (484 – c. 425 BC) and the scholar Callimachus of Cyrene (c. 305–240 BC), at the Museum of Alexandria, made early lists of seven wonders. For centuries, it was considered the tallest building in the world. or by the Assyrian King Sennacherib around 700 B.C. It includes the Channel Tunnel connecting France and the U.K.; the CN Tower in Toronto; the Empire State Building; the Golden Gate Bridge; the Itaipu Dam between Brazil and Paraguay; the Netherlands North Sea Protection Works; and the Panama Canal. Some of the most notable lists are presented below. Built sometime around 435 B.C. ", ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. In 1994, the American Society of Civil Engineers compiled a list of Seven Wonders of the Modern World, paying tribute to the "greatest civil engineering achievements of the 20th century". It was ​originally called the Tomb of Mausolus and was designed for a Persian ruler and his wife. The Khaznah (“Treasury”) at Petra, Jordan. However, it is unlikely that these lists originated in the Middle Ages, because the word "medieval" was not invented until the Enlightenment-era, and the concept of a Middle Age did not become popular until the 16th century. In 2000 a crane being used for such an ad fell and cracked a monument.) Work began in the 7th century BCE and continued for two millennia. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. One of the many existing lists was compiled by CNN in 1997:[16], In 2001 an initiative was started by the Swiss corporation New7Wonders Foundation to choose the New7Wonders of the World from a selection of 200 existing monuments through online votes.

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