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Geology encompasses: The ground and soil, on which we live; Buildings and roads, on which we build; Raw materials, from the subsurface, of which many everyday objects consist; Water resources, which flow below the ground surface Earthquakes are caused by stresses in the Earth’s interior which built up by the movement of the Earth’s crustal plates relative to one another. Water shapes the character of landscapes and natural ecosystems. Your opinion is important to us! On what type of ground is my house standing? Would you like to express your opinion on the Geology Portal? Share your input with us using the geodata viewer at map.swisstopo.admin.ch – via your smartphone if... Is the Piz Bernina map sheet already printed? As a geological discipline, stratigraphy deals with the spatial location and temporal sequence of rock bodies. Is the Piz Bernina map sheet already printed? For example, there is currently no federal law governing the geological subsoil. Contact us via the feedback form! The gas can also represents gasoline, the ubiquitous fuel that is refined from crude oil. The Geology Portal is operated by a group of organizations. When hot enough, the limestone releases carbon dioxide and becomes quicklime, the primary ingredient in cement. The rocks on this shelf are produced by volcanic eruptions. The implications of a large earthquake without the adequate infrastructure to sustain such and even would be absolutely catastrophic. The process of making cement from limestone releases carbon dioxide, consequently, the cement industry is second only to power production in the release of carbon dioxide gas into the atmosphere. Here you will find news on current topics. At the same time, Norway's landscape has a unique history that includes lost oceans, continents in motion, volcanoes and glaciers. Since the late 1880s, aluminum ore has been purified using electricity, and it has become cheap and plentiful. Here you will find all the information about the Geology Portal. Share your input with us using the geodata viewer at map.swisstopo.admin.ch – via your smartphone if you’re on the go or simply from your computer at home. Purifying bauxite used to be expensive and slow, so aluminum was a rare and valuable metal in the 18th and 19th centuries. Diverse information provided compactly and simply – that is the requirement of the Geology Portal. In college an Introduction to Geology course is taken by one of two kinds of people: But geology is important to everyone whether you're a Geology major, an Engineer, a Philosophy and English double major, or a Dance major. Geology affects many more areas of life than one thinks: also politics, health, culture, computer science or tourism. Sulfur is also integral to matches, one of the most consistent ways to start a fire. They are used in talcum powders, lotions, creams, etc. Here you will find contact details for the members of the geology scene, an overview of the network of individual organizations and... Geology also has a political dimension! It is mined from mercury ores, such as cinnabar (also called vermilion). It is also a major factor for decision-making with respect to tunnel construction, underground exploration, scientific research, extraction of raw materials and energy as well as identification of natural hazards. Metadata (“data about data“) refers to structured data that describes an information resource and thus make these easier to find. It is of help to man in planning the building of dams and electricity projects. - Are you missing content? The Quaternary is the most recent period in the Earth’s history: the last 2.6 million years. The Lithostratigraphic Lexicon of Switzerland describes the lithostratigraphic units occurring in Switzerland. Geological maps display a multitude of geologically relevant information in a concise manner. Geology is the study of the Earth's structure and history. Boreholes provide information about the composition of the ground. Here you will find a range of websites that offer virtual learning platforms or material for schools and teachers. It is also about hazards and risk associated with rock falls, radon, landslides, quick clay, landslides and earthquakes. The Geology Portal is an important step in strengthening the Swiss geology scene, for a more efficient collaboration and an improved awareness of... With an official representation from each canton, the Conference on the Geological Subsurface (CGS) coordinates the exchange of and the access to geological data. By means of stratigraphy, bodies of rock are dated and correlated with each other. Gold is most often found as a pure element in nature, but silver is often found both in its pure form and in ores. Mapping the environment will allow us to identify contaminants, both natural and man-made. You can find the answer to these and other questions in the «Topic Geology» of swisstopo’s Viewer “map.geo.admin.ch”. Contact information, related policies, and complaint procedures are listed on the statement of non-discrimination. Why are rainforests found in the equatorial regions? Geography influences the distribution of natural and man-made resources across the globe. Experience more e.g., about the geology of Switzerland, data models or software that simplifies the... Below can be found a selection of web-based image databases, image archives and maps in the field of geology or earth sciences. In Switzerland however, the mining of ores nowadays can no longer be operated economically. Switzerland’s energy supply results largely from the import of fossil fuels. Thus, the study of geography answers several interesting questions about the availability and distribution of resources and life forms. Enormous forces have always been at work inside our Earth. They are an important basis for geotechnical and environmental decisions. It's hard not to experience iron and aluminum in our everyday lives. Man is exposed to both cosmic as well as terrestrial natural radiation. There has been no mining activity in this country since 1967 – there is however an interest in its history. Particularly in Istanbul, the country's economic. Unlike ores, which are converted into metals by smelting, industrial minerals can be used in their natural state or after minimal beneficiation. Depending on whether the formative processes are complete or still in progress, they are then static or active geotopes. Most salt is formed by the evaporation of sea water. We are working to develop content and technical capabilities and look forward to your feedback. But mineral products surround us in our ordinary daily life and during festive times. Geophysics deals with all of the Earth’s relevant physical phenomena. The Swiss Geotechnical Commission (SGTK) is currently building up a raw materials monitoring program together with the Swiss Geological Survey. Here you can find the most important... Are there any changes, errors or additions that have not yet been included in our maps or geodata? With CO2 capture and sequestration, carbon dioxide is separated from combustion exhaust gases and subsequently indefinitely stored without using containers, in deep underground rock layers. Gold and silver are actually better conductors than copper, which is why they're used in high-end electronic devices, like cell phones and some audio equipment. The largest island, which is also the largest isle in…. The Quaternary is the most recent period in the Earth’s history: the last 2.6 million years. You could not, for example, set a party table with plates, glasses, bowls and napkins without the help of rocks. For example, there is currently no federal law governing the geological subsoil. Images © UO Museum of Natural and Cultural History. Here you will find data analyses on geological topics in Switzerland. One of the most important areas of geology is economic geology in which we have to study how to locate the minerals and fossils in the earth. We will produce, facilitate and disseminate geological knowledge that society needs. The concrete that makes up most of the urban landscape is actually an artificial reconstruction of a naturally occurring rock, conglomerate. Society has become accustomed to the fact that raw materials are available in whatever quantities. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. Experience Geology - geology is everywhere. Geological topics are not only interesting for the civil engineer, scientist or resource expert. In the time before dry-erase boards, all education relied upon chalkboards made from slate, which is clay that has been cooked by heat and pressure deep within the earth. Professionals and lay people can experience and understand developments in earth science on geological trails, in geoparks, show caves, geotopes or at events such as “Erlebnis Geologie”. Depending on whether the formative processes are complete or still in progress, they are then static or active geotopes. Geology in everyday life is not restricted to resources. The Seismic Atlas of the Swiss Molasse Basin serves as an important foundation for geological projects. In order to enable this depiction, the reality must be generalized and idealized. As geography helps us gauge distances and locate places on Earth, it helps improve our navigation skills. Slightly more than two thirds of Switzerland’s population lives here. Satisfying our curiousity arguably has spiritual benefits but geology contributes much of practical value. We most often see it in dentists' offices in the lead apron we wear to protect us from X-rays, but it is also used to shield nuclear reactors because it can capture any stray radiation before it enters the environment. Some believe that this geological process is essential for the development of complex lifeforms, and in the future could even be used as a biosignature to detect habitable worlds. Numerous databases and lexica about geology can be found in the internet and in book form. On this page you will find detailed information on the latest events in Switzerland in the field of geology. Geotourism develops, promotes and commercializes special geological landscape features. 9. Glass is formed by melting quartz, the primary mineral found in sand. It includes various fields and can be subdivided according to research methods and their relevant applications. All of the rubber and plastics here are made from oil, including the gas can. Diesel fuel is also refined from crude oil. It is a significant basic need for the population and for numerous economic sectors in Switzerland. Geology is all around us, from the sand and rock used to build the walls and roads, to the numerous minerals found in everyday life objects and in the food we eat, to the landscape around us and our leisure pursuits .
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